Bioclimatic Housing Design

Bioconstruction and design of ecological housing

Force of tradition.

The bioclimatic design starts with the analysis of the microclimatic features of the area, to make the most of its natural resources and in that way gain optimal comfort conditions. It diminishes to the maximum the effects of the environmental impact, and also reducing passively the energy consumption.

At BASS we have advanced energy simulation software and design tools, such as the climographs, which allow us to customise every housing project and detect the best strategies for them.

1.Topographic integration.

At BASS every plot is studied in detail in order to achieve the complete integration of the building project and the unique topographic elements, such as riverbeds, ditches, surrounding trees etc. All are taken into consideration.

2.Passive solar design.

Thanks to the correct management or our extensive climate database, we can discern with accuracy the time period of solar collection from those which need protection ; that is to say, we design the space with the right dimensions and with the required solar protections.

The orientations of the facades, as well as the location of the arboreal species in the garden design, are optimized according to the local climatic data.

Likewise, a proper solar design will allow natural air circulation to be more powerful through elements such as solar chimneys.

3.Homes with soul: El patio

As a vanguard architecture, BASS updates an ancient traditional concept in the typical Mediterranean architecture, key to the hygrothermal comfort in its dwellings, from the domus in Imperial Rome to the famous patios of the Nazari Palaces in The Alhambra, el patio.

This main element reduces naturally daily thermal fluctuations, and stabilizes them to a comfortable temperature. This allows the integration of several of our bioclimatic strategies, especially important during the summer months.

-Cross air circulation: Regardless of the housing geometry, there exists a differentiating pressure between the Patio and any of its facades, which guarantees the cross air circulation naturally.

-Cooling radiating system: During the clear summer nights, the patio is able to dispel a great deal of heat collected in the house during the day. This is made possible by radiation to the firmament and utilising the coolness of the sky.

-Evaluative cooling: The shade elements along with the incorporation of water sources or vegetable elements achieve a temperature decrease of up to 10 degrees during the summer season.

4.Natural air circulation.

The correct space design combined with the solar passive element and the patio, guarantees a natural air circulation in the house; regardless of whether it is designed for a sanitary environment purpose, or just to achieve hygrothermal comfort during a large part of the year, without the need to use an active system.

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Bioclimatic Housing Design